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The Bible says that ‘wine makes people happy’. Alcohol seems an inbred constituent of human nutrition, and so many studies have pin-pointed its various health benefits and risks. Usually, the bottom-line recommendation favors alcohol consumption, but limiting it to ‘drink in moderation’, in order to avoid the potential serious adverse outcomes of heavy and lasting drinking. A new report from the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research addresses ‘diet, nutrition, physical activity and breast cancer’ [1]. The report states that there is strong evidence that consuming alcohol increases the risk for premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer.

Author(s)

  • Amos Pines
    Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel

Citations

  1. World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research. Analysing research on cancer prevention and survival. Diet, nutrition, physical activity and breast cancer.
    http://www.aicr.org/continuous-update-project/reports/breast-cancer-report-2017.pdf
  2. Topiwala A, Allan CL, Valkanova V, et al. Moderate alcohol consumption as risk factor for adverse brain outcomes and cognitive decline: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ 2017;357, j2353
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28588063
  3. Klatsky AL. Alcohol and cardiovascular diseases: where do we stand today? J Intern Med 2015;278:238-50
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26158548
  4. Toma A, Paré G, Leong DP. Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: how much is too much? Curr Atheroscler Rep 2017;19:13
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28210975
  5. Jang HD, Hong JY, Han K, et al. Relationship between bone mineral density and alcohol intake: A nationwide health survey analysis of postmenopausal women. PLoS One 2017;12:e0180132
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28662191
  6. Mukamal KJ, Clowry CM, Murray MM, et al. Moderate alcohol consumption and chronic disease: the case for a long-term trial. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2016;40:2283-2291
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27688006
  7. Gunter MJ, Murphy N, Cross AJ, et al. Coffee drinking and mortality in 10 European countries: a multinational cohort study. Ann Intern Med 2017 Jul 11. Epub ahead of print
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28693038
  8. Xi B, Veeranki SP, Zhao M, et al. Relationship of alcohol consumption to all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer-related mortality in U.S. adults. J Am Coll Cardiol 2017;70:913-22
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28818200

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